Macin – short history
Far from the bustle of big cities, hidden from the intense pollution of the world’s cities with a rich tourism potential and a beautiful historic city Macin they do, slowly but surely, instead vacations Romanians who want to enjoy days relaxing and interesting, but draws also, and foreigners eager to discover other than that shown by the Romania international media.
About Macin city that is known ancient settlement dating from the third century, recognized with the status of urban commune in Ottoman documents from the sixteenth century.
According to historical documents, Macin city was established near Arrubium, a name apparently received from Celtic III century BC It is said that, since antiquity, this institution has played an important role in people’s lives in this area. Historical sources point out that the city was a place of worship Arrubium worship the god Jupiter Arrubianus, from which, otherwise, would have received the name – Arrubium.
Currently, it states that the city was included in the union headed tribal King get Rhemaxos who mastered a territory left Danube century BC III and who was the protector of the Greek colonies of the Black Sea, or that of Zyraxes king of the Getae in the first century BC, ruling the north and northwest of Dobrogea.
Once Dobrogea was conquered by the Romans, Arrubium became the residence of a Roman cavalry units, attested between 99-241 en two military diplomas issued to veterans. The first dates back to August 14, 99 and the second on 2 April 241.
Among the highlights that occurred after Dobrogea was conquered by the Ottoman Empire are the cavalry Wallachian campaign in 1462 against the Turkish army, at which Vlad Tepes restored Romanian control over half of North Dobrogea, and armed forays in autumn 1594 – spring 1595 Aron Voda concerted rulers and Michael the Brave, in the context of the Romanian Principalities Ottoman uprising, during which the fortresses of Macin, Silistra, Sistov, Nikopol and Rahova were subjected to lightning attacks, successful.
Măcinului Fortress went through many times conflicting, being involved in several rows in the Russo-Turkish wars. Thus, on October 11, 1771, Russian General Macin Miloradovich drove the Ottoman army under the leadership of Abdi Pasha.
Macin and fortifications from Tulcea were looted and destroyed in 1771, 1773, 1790, 1791 in the context of czarist campaigns. As a result, in the nineteenth century, the fortifications were strengthened in Macin.
When he started the Russian-Romanian-Turkish war of 1877-1878, the Turks had to Macin, military personnel composing six battalions, four squadrons and three batteries. In this context, ground and surrounding area have joined again on the map of military operations, some of the significant moments was sinking battleship Turkish Lufti Djelil, one of the most important warships of the Ottoman fleet in the area, after an intense shooting artillery Russian Braila and “attack on Macin” of 14 May 1877, when boat “swallow” a submerged channel Macin monitor Duba Turkish battleship safe.
9 June is marked by historical sources as the day when the Russian Army Corps and 14, commanded by General Zimmerman began crossing the Danube in Dobrogea, in Galati and Reni to Macin, which was held on June 11th 1877.
At that time, the city population was about 6,000 inhabitants and welcomed the Russian army with the Gospel and the cross.
Under the provisions of the Treaty of Berlin (1878), which stipulated reunion Dobrogea Romania on November 14 1878 a column of the Romanian army and high government officials in Bucharest have passed under an arch amounted to Macin, marking here fulfillment of a moment of national reunification.
In the north-west section Macin ruins visible today Arrubium. Although the name is of Celtic origin, so far not found any document showing the Celtic presence in the area.
But the discovery of coins ciency and the presence of traces of indigenous pottery century CE Geto-Dacian prove mastery in this settlement on the Danube.
The town developed on the ruins Arrubium however, becoming, over time, a significant settlement in economic and administrative life of the Danube area.
Also, historical sources remember a unique possibility to Macin location Vicina, whence came the first bishop of the Romanian Country (1359), Iachint of Vicina.
Over the years, the city has experienced moments Macin economic development, and decline.
Currently, the main economic activities of city residents are handicraft, agricultural, and the textile industry.
Name of leading personalities link to the city Macin, among them are George Munteanu Murgoci (1872 – 1925), geologist, mineralogist and soil novel, George Banea (1891 – 1967), writer and scholar, Gregory Kiazim (1913 – 1989), musician, singer and mandolin lute, Gabriel Caramarin (1977), football player.
The History does not stop, however, here, every day, one new page is added on Macin historical sources.